Benjamin Franklin had a hand in creating this currency, of which he said its utility was never to be disputed, and it also met with the "cautious approval" of Adam Smith.[52]. National titles in college basketball have been won by La Salle University (1954), Temple University (1938), University of Pennsylvania (1920 and 1921), University of Pittsburgh (1928 and 1930), and Villanova University (1985, 2016, and 2018).[187][188]. During the 2008 election campaign, a recruitment drive saw registered Democrats outnumber registered Republicans by 1.2 million. The University of Pennsylvania is also the Commonwealth's only, and geographically most southern, Ivy League school. A report from The Center for Rural Pennsylvania (a Legislative Agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly) reported that hunting, fishing, and furtaking generated a total of $9.6 billion statewide. This law specifies the requirements and responsibilities of the parents and the school district where the family lives.[167]. [172] Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, now a part of University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, was the first pharmacy school in the United States.[173]. Pennsylvania 2013 Population (Estimate): 12,773,801. We have a huge range of SVGs products available. [133] The capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg. Outside of Scranton, in Old Forge there are dozens of Italian restaurants specializing in pizza made unique by thick, light crust and American cheese. [179] The port of Pittsburgh is the second-largest inland port in the United States and the 18th-largest port overall; the Port of Philadelphia is the 24th-largest port in the United States. The state nickname of Pennsylvania is "The Keystone State". Pennsylvania's nickname is "The Keystone State" because it was the middle colony of the original thirteen colonies, and because Pennsylvania has held a key position in the economic, social, and political development of the United States. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia (1,580,863), and Pittsburgh (302,407). [140] There are 958  boroughs in Pennsylvania, all of which are governed by the "weak mayor" form of mayor-council government. A Complete List of U.S. State Nicknames. From 2009 to 2011, the state was represented by two Democratic senators for the first time since 1947. Donald B. Kraybill and C. Nelson Hostetter: "Enrollment booming with new, returning students". So, in 1799 the General Assembly moved to the Lancaster Courthouse,[63] and finally in 1812 to Harrisburg. [66] An estimated 350,000 Pennsylvanians served in the Union Army forces including 8,600 African American military volunteers. Three of our most treasured documents are associated with Pennsylvania: the Declaration of independence and the United States Constitution (both executed in Philadelphia), and Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. "The State of Independence" currently appears on many road signs entering the state. The rapid growth of this community has given Pennsylvania one of the largest Asian populations in the nation by numerical values. In 2007, Pennsylvania ranked 14th in mathematics, 12th in reading, and 10th in writing for 8th grade students. [176] Pennsylvania holds the second-highest number of Boone & Crockett-recorded record black bears at 183, second only to Wisconsin's 299.[176]. For most of the second half of the 20th century and into the 21st century, Pennsylvania has been a powerful swing state. The Keystone State . [185] Pitt plays its home games at Heinz Field, a facility it shares with the Pittsburgh Steelers, and is led by current head football coach Pat Narduzzi. There is one exception to the types of municipalities in Pennsylvania: Bloomsburg was incorporated as a town in 1870 and is, officially, the only town in the state. [84], Pennsylvania's Hispanic population grew by 82.6% between 2000 and 2010, making it one of the largest increases in a state's Hispanic population. [54] Dickinson then wrote Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, To the Inhabitants of the British Colonies, which were published in the Pennsylvania Chronicle between December 2, 1767, and February 15, 1768. It held the colonies together like the "keystone" in a window or door arch. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean. It is true that this nickname was given official status, but not as a nickname. Before that the province of Pennsylvania was governed for a century by a Frame of Government, of which there were four versions: 1682, 1683, 1696, and 1701. Pennsylvania translates to "Penn's Woods" and was named after the father of William Penn, the founder of the colony. [143] Second-class townships can become first-class townships if they have a population density greater than 300 inhabitants per square mile (120/km2) and a referendum is passed supporting the change. Quaker State Oil (for vehicles ) got its name from PA's nickname.The Keystone State, or in colonial times Quaker State. [44] The King named it Pennsylvania (literally "Penn's Woods") in honor of Admiral Penn; the Admiral's son who proposed that the land be called New Wales and then, after objections, Sylvania (from the Latin silva: "forest, woods"), was embarrassed at the change from the latter proposed form, fearing that people would think he had named it after himself, but King Charles would not rename the grant. Morris, Pennsylvania, and Steel City is located in Delmont, Pennsylvania. The boundaries of the state are the Mason–Dixon line (39°43' N) to the south, the Twelve-Mile Circle on the Pennsylvania-Delaware border, the Delaware River to the east, 80°31' W to the west and the 42° N to the north, except for a short segment on the western end, where a triangle extends north to Lake Erie. [55], When the Founding Fathers of the United States convened in Philadelphia in 1774, 12 colonies sent representatives to the First Continental Congress. The total of 56 cities, 958 boroughs, 93 first-class townships, 1,454 second-class townships, and one town (Bloomsburg) is 2,562 municipalities. [153] The personal income tax is a flat 3.07%. Two play in Power Five conferences, the Penn State University Nittany Lions of the Big Ten Conference and the University of Pittsburgh Panthers of the Atlantic Coast Conference, while the Temple University Owls play in the American Athletic Conference. [citation needed] There are three colleges in Pennsylvania that play at the highest level of collegiate football competition, the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision. The Allegheny River Lock and Dam Two is the most-used lock operated by the United States Army Corps of Engineers of its 255 nationwide. The Congress was the first meeting of the Thirteen Colonies, called at the request of the Massachusetts Assembly, but only nine colonies sent delegates. Within the first half of 2003, the annual Tekko commences in Pittsburgh. Col. Vol. Our research found the official nickname for Pennsylvania to be as follows: Keystone State We will update our list of past and unofficial nicknames for Pennsylvania as new ones are created or suggested. This local return is filed with the local income tax collector, a private collection agency (e.g. Among the regional foods associated with Philadelphia are cheesesteaks, hoagie, soft pretzels, Italian water ice, Irish potato candy, scrapple, Tastykake, and strombolis. Boroughs are generally smaller than cities, with most Pennsylvania cities having been incorporated as a borough before being incorporated as a city. Notable racetracks in Pennsylvania include the Jennerstown Speedway in Jennerstown, the Lake Erie Speedway in North East, the Mahoning Valley Speedway in Lehighton, the Motordome Speedway(closed) in Smithton, the Mountain Speedway in St. Johns, the Nazareth Speedway in Nazareth (closed); the Lernerville Speedway in Sarver and the Pocono Raceway in Long Pond, which is home to two NASCAR Cup Series races and an IndyCar Series race. [138] Most criminal and civil cases originate in the Courts of Common Pleas, which also serve as appellate courts to the district judges and for local agency decisions. Erie is also home to GE Transportation, which is the largest producer of train locomotives in the United States. The word keystone is from architecture, it describes the central wedge-shaped stone in an arch which holds all the other stones in place. Currently, there are nine casinos across the state with three under construction or in planning. The paper money was called Colonial Scrip. Pennsylvania has been known as the Keystone State since 1802,[197] based in part upon its central location among the original Thirteen Colonies forming the United States, and also in part because of the number of important American documents signed in the state (such as the Declaration of Independence). [59] The Constitution was drafted and signed at the Pennsylvania State House, now known as Independence Hall, and the same building where the Declaration of Independence was signed. This was one of the largest land grants to an individual in history. All machines would be connected to the state's computer system, like commercial casinos. [64] The Hills Capitol burned down on February 2, 1897, during a heavy snowstorm, presumably because of a faulty flue. Penn State plays its home games in the second-largest stadium in the United States, Beaver Stadium, which seats 106,572, and is currently led by head coach James Franklin. Pennsylvania Government Resources Other companies such as Herr's Snacks, Martin's Potato Chips, Snyder's of Berlin (not associated with Snyder's of Hanover) and Troyer Farms Potato Products are popular chip manufacturers. Berkheimer, Keystone Collections, and Jordan Tax Service) appointed by a particular county to collect the local earned income and local services tax (the latter a flat fee deducted from salaried employees working within a particular municipality or school district). Pennsylvania's nickname, the Keystone State refers to the central stone in an arch which holds all of the other stones together. [135] The General Assembly includes 50 Senators and 203 Representatives. Which state was not represented? Republican strength was concentrated in the Philadelphia suburbs, as well as the more rural areas in the central, northeastern, and western portions. [29] In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. Historically, Democratic strength was concentrated in Philadelphia in the southeast, the Pittsburgh and Johnstown areas in the southwest, and Scranton/Wilkes-Barre in the northeast. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor run as a ticket in the general election and are up for re-election every four years during the midterm elections. PNC is the state's largest bank and the sixth-largest in the United States. The Commonwealth System of Higher Education is an organizing body of the four state-related schools in Pennsylvania; these schools (Pennsylvania State University, Lincoln University, the University of Pittsburgh, and Temple University) are independent institutions that receive some state funding. Other groups include the Mennonites, the Brethren, and sub-groups within each group, many of whom use cars and electricity. Part of Pennsylvania (along the Delaware River), together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden. The Delaware, or Lenni Lenape, occupied the Delaware valley; the Susquehannock were in the lower Susquehanna River valley; the Erie and various groups of the Iroquois Confederacy—Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Oneida—were in northern Pennsylvania. In Pittsburgh, tomato ketchup was improved by Henry John Heinz from 1876 to the early 20th century. "2010 Public Transportation Fact Book", p. 8. Interstate 90 travels the relatively short distance between Ohio and New York through Erie County, in the extreme northwestern part of the state. Established in 1773, the college was ratified five days after the Treaty of Paris on September 9, 1783. As a result, maps showing the results of statewide elections invariably form a "T" shape. All 121 state parks in Pennsylvania feature free admission. Residents of Philadelphia with self-employment income are required to file a Net Profits Tax (NPT) return, while those with business income from Philadelphia sources are required to obtain a Commercial Activity License (CAL) and pay the Business Income and Receipts Tax (BIRT) and the NPT. The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. Of all the colonies, only Rhode Island had religious freedom as secure as in Pennsylvania. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; generally speaking, these tornadoes do not cause significant damage. Pennsylvania shares the designation "Commonwealth" with Virginia, Kentucky and Massachusetts. The other elected officials composing the executive branch are the Lieutenant Governor John Fetterman, Attorney General Joshua Shapiro, Auditor General Eugene DePasquale, and Pennsylvania Treasurer Joe Torsella. 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